Industry Sites

Textile industry

The human need for clothing has been a necessity throughout time. The weaving of cloth and the spinning of wool into yarn has always been and continue to be primary businesses in broad sections of the world. However, if it were not for the invention and machinery of the textile industry, modern society would not be the same.

An invention created to combine threads to make cloth, the loom is of primitive origin. In 1785, Edmund Cartwright, a prodigious inventor, created the first power loom in Doncaster, England. The power loom was a steam-powered mechanically functioning variant of the traditional loom. Cartwright continued to develop and better his power loom through the years, while also working on numerous other inventions.

Seeing kids as consumers

The first power loom was constructed in America in the year 1813. This creation was developed by a clan of Boston merchants lead by a man named Francis Cabot Lowell. The American made power loom permitted the manufacture of cloth from ginned cotton.

Weaving was the final stage in textile production to be mechanized. Even after the introduction of power spinning frames, yarn was still produced by machinery in factories, and sent to homes for weaving on conventional hand looms. Home workers followed patterns that shaped cloth with elaborate weaves. In a traditional loom, the movements focused on such a small area, and were very precise. Human precision must be duplicated through the interaction of levers, gears, and springs in the power loom.

Although successful power looms were functioning in England, the American power loom was far from perfect. Francis Cabot Lowell decided to visit textile factories in England in hopes of improving his existing loom with British technology. Upon return to America, Cabot and expert mechanic Paul Moody succeeded in developing the British pattern. Now, the weaving was consist with the spinning, and a reliable power loom was born.